• Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97 per cent of the Earth’s water, and represent 99 per cent of the living space on the planet by volume
  • Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods
  • Marine fisheries directly or indirectly employ over 200 million people
  • Subsidies for fishing are contributing to the rapid depletion of many fish species and are preventing efforts to save and restore global fisheries and related jobs
  • The amount of waste that people have put into the oceans is huge - 13,000 pieces of plastic litter on every square kilometer of ocean

WORLD 2030


  • Prevented and significantly reduced marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution by 2025
  • Sustainably managed and protected marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts by strengthening their resilience; taken action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
  • Addressed and minimized impacts of ocean acidification through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
  • Effectively regulated harvesting and ended overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices, and implemented science-based management plans in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
  • Conserved at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas bu 2020, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
  • Prohibited certain forms of fisheries subsidies by 2020, which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminated subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and no introducing of new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
  • Increased economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism


  • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
  • Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want