• Globally, hunger is on the rise, with over 820 million people still being undernourished, meaning that one in nine people go to sleep hungry.
  • Hunger has been increasing in middle-income countries and countries that rely heavily on international trade of primary commodities.
  • Africa is the region with the highest prevalence of hunger – approximately one in five people is undernourished.
  • Even in high-income countries, sizeable portions of the population lack regular access to nutritious and sufficient food; 8 percent of the population in Northern America and Europe is estimated to be food insecure, mainly at moderate levels.
  • Around 45 percent of infant deaths are related to malnutrition. Stunting still affects 155 million children under the age of five years.Trends of overweight and obesity continue to rise in all regions, particularly among school-age children and adults.
  • Incomes of small-scale food producers – who represent the majority of all farmers in many developing countries - are about half that of larger food producers.
  • During 2016-2017, high to moderate food price volatility affected all regions, which may have negatively affected food security.
  • More than half of local livestock breeds are at risk of extinction.
  • One third of the food produced worldwide is lost or wasted.

WORLD 2030


  • Hunger eradicated and access ensured to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round to all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations.
  • All forms of malnutrition ended, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age. In addition, addressed are the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
  • Doubled is the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
  • Sustainable food production systems are ensured, and implemented are resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
  • Maintained is the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promoted is access to fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as agreed internationally


  • Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries
  • Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
  • Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility