To promote equitable and sustainable development, and to support the country’s integration into the European Union, the United Nations has initiated a strategy for North Macedonia for 2016-2020, entitled the ‘Partnership for Sustainable Development’. More and better jobs, more responsive governance, better lives for vulnerable people, gender equality and a cleaner, greener, more resilient environment are the UN’s five strategic priorities. The strategy was developed in partnership with groups at national level, and works to support a wide range of national sector strategies and action plans. Internationally, it serves to align UN activities in the country with the Sustainable Development Goals and with European Union accession criteria. The Government endorsed the UN strategy on 26 October 2016.

PRIORITIES FOR 2017-2020


1

Employment

2

Good governance

3

Social inclusion

4

Environmental sustainability

5

Gender equality

6

Refugees and migrants

Gender equality


CHALLENGE

In North Macedonia, women are significantly disadvantaged by negative stereotypes, customs, and traditions. This impact is unequally distributed: women in rural areas suffer much more than those in cities. The sex ratio at birth, 109 males per 100 females, may point towards some element of biased sex selection. Women participate in the workforce at a much lower rate than men (69.3% to 45.3%), which may point to discrimination in hiring practices.  Although better educated, women earn, on average, almost 20% less than their male counterparts. Despite full legal equality, women are underrepresented as property owners, in leadership positions, and in government; only 4 out of 81 mayors and 2 out of 25 ministers are women. Most strikingly, 1 in 3 women in Macedonia have reported being victims of gender-based violence.

OUTCOME

By 2020, state institutions should be fully accountable to gender equality and anti-discrimination commitments, and more women and girls should lead lives free from discrimination and violence.

SOLUTIONS

UN agencies aim to foster greater participation of women in political and economic life, where they remain underrepresented.  To promote the development of human capital among women, the UN works to promote female school attendance, later marriages for women in minority groups and to fight gender stereotypes that maintain inequality.

PROJECT FUNDINGS

18.3 million US dollars