To promote equitable and sustainable development, and to support the country’s integration into the European Union, the United Nations has initiated a strategy for North Macedonia for 2016-2020, entitled the ‘Partnership for Sustainable Development’. More and better jobs, more responsive governance, better lives for vulnerable people, gender equality and a cleaner, greener, more resilient environment are the UN’s five strategic priorities. The strategy was developed in partnership with groups at national level, and works to support a wide range of national sector strategies and action plans. Internationally, it serves to align UN activities in the country with the Sustainable Development Goals and with European Union accession criteria. The Government endorsed the UN strategy on 26 October 2016.





Good governance


Social inclusion


Environmental sustainability


Gender equality


Refugees and migrants

Environmental sustainability


Although energy use per capita is low, industry is resource intensive, and there is much to do before the country can become energy efficient. A massive two-thirds of energy production is coal reliant, and city air pollution often exceeds national EU legal norms. Only a fraction of waste is managed properly and recycling barely occurs. Climate change is also a potent threat. As agriculture produced 10.2% of GDP and is relied upon by 36% of the country, the increasing incidence of extreme weather events has the potential to severely impact the national economy. The country is also highly vulnerable to natural disasters, including earthquakes, floods, heat waves and forest fires.


By 2020, individuals, the private sector, and state institutions should base their actions on the principles of sustainable development, and communities should be more resilient to disasters and environmental risks.


On a national level, the UN-government partnership aims to inspire a fundamental change in outlook and behaviour among policy makers, citizens and private enterprises, with the goal of encouraging  a better and more sustainable use of resources. Sustainability and resilience will support the government in achieving its priority goal of improved quality of life and will contribute to economic development through developing “green” pathways to growth.


43.3 million dollars.